GOSA releases 2014 Spring EOCT Analysis Results

February 19, 2015

The Governor’s Office of Student Achievement (GOSA) today released the results of the spring 2014 End-of-Course Test (EOCT) erasure analysis.  Again, GOSA has partnered with NCS Pearson, Inc., the state’s testing vendor in charge of developing and scoring EOCT exams to conduct a comprehensive examination of all answer documents for core high school classes.  The analysis focused on the number of wrong answers that had been changed to right answers on an individual student answer sheets in the following subjects:  Mathematics II, GPS Geometry, Analytic Geometry, Coordinate Algebra, United States History, Economics, Biology, Physical Science, Ninth Grade Literature and Composition, and American Literature and Composition. Each answer sheet was scanned to identify total erasures and total wrong-to-right changes.  Classrooms across the state were flagged in which the number of wrong-to-right changes were three standard deviations (SDs) or more above the state average. 

In the third year of the analysis, for the spring 2014 test, approximately 0 to 1 wrong answers were erased and replaced with the correct answer.  On the spring 2014 administration, 99% of flagged schools had either less than 10% of their classrooms flagged, or fewer than 5 of their classrooms flagged. In comparison to the spring 2013 results, 86% of flagged schools had either less than 10% of their classrooms flagged, or fewer than 5, the reduction in flagged classrooms is expected due to many systems’ transition to computer-based testing. As testing technology evolves for Georgia’s new assessment system, the Georgia Milestones, various forensic analyses will be reviewed and implemented to ensure Georgia is keeping pace.

Recommendations on which the State Board of Education will vote include requiring local superintendents to conduct internal investigations in schools on the “Concern” lists, determining the causes of testing irregularities, and placing state monitors at randomly selected schools to observe protocols during the next test administration.

The EOCT is a standardized assessment administered to students enrolled in high school core content course. It is designed to measure how well students ascertain the knowledge and skills within Georgia’s performance/content standards outlined in the CCGPS/GPS (Common Core Georgia Performance Standards/Georgia Performance Standards).  Additionally, the EOCT provides diagnostic information to help students identify strengths and areas of need in learning as well as inform other important decisions for individual students and for schools.  Therefore, it is critical that reported scores are an accurate representation of students’ knowledge and skills.

The Governor’s Office of Student Achievement serves as the reporting and accountability agency for education in Georgia.  As such, GOSA is charged by law with inspecting academic records of schools to ensure that education institutions are faithful to performance accountability requirements.  Through an academic audit, GOSA reviews student assessment data and other school records reported to the State to confirm accuracy and explore the effectiveness of local initiatives in improving achievement.

Click here to access the analysis on GOSA’s academic auditing page.